The Perfect French with Dylane
Menu Close
Close

LEARN FRENCH ONLINE

Avoir Besoin De – To Need in French

How to use Avoir Besoin De in a sentence?

Avoir besoin de means “To need” in English. It’s one of the many common French expressions with the verb AvoirTo have.

This is how you express need in French. The sentence can be build in a few different ways.

How to Conjugate the Verb Avoir?

Avoir is an irregular verb but it’s also one of the most used verbs in French. You must know it by heart.

Avoir – Present tense:

J’ai – I have

Tu as – You have

Il a – He has

Elle a – She has On a – We have

Nous avons – We have

Vous avez – You have

Ils-Elles ont – They have

But what about Avoir besoin de?

Avoir Besoin De – Conjugation

The word besoin is never conjugated. The only word that changes a little bit, besides avoir, is DE. DE will change to D’ if the following word starts with a vowel or a silent H. If we look at the word un besoin alone, it’s a noun that means a need.

AVOIR (conjugated) + BESOIN + DE or D’

Avoir besoin de – Present tense:

J’ai besoin de/d’ – I need

Tu as besoin de/d’ – You need

Il a besoin de/d’ – He needs

Elle a besoin de/d’ – She needs On a besoin de/d’ – We need

Nous avons besoin de/d’ – We need

Vous avez besoin de/d’ – You need

Ils-Elles ont besoin de/d’ – They need

Avoir Besoin De in sentences

Building a sentence with avoir besoin de is fairly easy, the only thing that you should know is that it can be followed by an infinitive verb or by a noun.

Let’s see a few examples when avoir besoin de is followed by an infinitive verb:

AVOIR (conjugated) + BESOIN + DE or D’ + INFINITIVE VERB

  • J’ai besoin de faire des courses – I need to go grocery shopping
  • Tu as besoin de dormir – You need to sleep
  • Il a besoin de travailler plus – He needs to work work
  • Elle a besoin d’apprendre l’espagnol – She needs to learn Spanish
  • On a besoin de ranger la cuisine – We need to tidy up the kitchen
  • Nous avons besoin de manger plus de légumes – We need to eat more vegetables
  • Vous avez besoin de manger quelque chose – You need to eat something
  • Ils ont besoin d’aller aux toilettes – They need to go to the bathroom
  • Elles ont besoin de se reposer – They need to rest

What about in a negative sentence?

When avoir besoin de is in a negative sentence, the first part of the negation will be before the verb avoir, the second part will be after the verb avoir.

N’ + AVOIR (conjugated) + PAS + BESOIN + DE or D’ + INFINITIVE VERB

Remember that French negation has many forms: ne … pas, ne … plus, ne … jamais, …

Lets’ see the sentences from above turned into negative sentences with NE … PAS.

  • Je n’ai pas besoin de faire des courses – I don’t need to go grocery shopping
  • Tu n’as pas besoin de dormir – You don’t need to sleep
  • Il n’a pas besoin de travailler plus – He doesn’t need to work work
  • Elle n’a pas besoin d’apprendre l’espagnol – She doesn’t need to learn Spanish
  • On n’a pas besoin de ranger la cuisine – We don’t need to tidy up the kitchen
  • Nous n’avons pas besoin de manger plus de légumes – We don’t need to eat more vegetables
  • Vous n’avez pas besoin de manger quelque chose – You don’t need to eat something
  • Ils n’ont pas besoin d’aller aux toilettes – They don’t need to go to the bathroom
  • Elles n’ont pas besoin de se reposer – They don’t need to rest

Avoir besoin de can also be followed by an article and a noun, as to to need something.

AVOIR (conjugated) + BESOIN + DE or D’ + ARTICLE + NOUN

  • J’ai besoin d’une feuille de papier – I need a piece of paper
  • Tu as besoin de vacances – I need vacation
  • Il a besoin de repos – He needs rest
  • Elle a besoin d’un nouveau sac à main – She needs a new purse

Avoir Besoin De in a question

You can ask a question including avoir besoin de in different ways:

If we look at the question, what do you need?

The casual question: Tu as besoin de quoi ?

With Qu’est-ce que: De quoi est-ce que tu as besoin ?

With the inversion: De quoi as-tu besoin ? Which one to use? Use the first or the second one, the third one with the inversion is used more in formal conversation, writing.

SHARE THIS POST WITH A FRIEND

About Dylane

Dylane is the owner & founder of “The perfect French with Dylane”, a YouTube channel and website where she teaches students from all around the world all the aspects of the French language.

Get Perfect French in your Inbox